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The Malaysian Planting Industry Rubber And Oil Palm 1960-1980

Examines the changes in the pattern of life on the estates in Malaysia from 1960 to 1980. Imposition of the Sunday day of rest; Introduction of contour-planting; Implementation of immigration laws; Replacement of rubber with oil palm cultivation; Reawakening of religious awareness on the estates; Investment in expensive equipment to fake or counterfeit products coming on the market on a large scale.

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Ideology And Organizations In Agricultural Development: The Case Of Malaysia.

The purpose of this article is to analyze the limitations and contradictions of agrarian reforms. Basically two types of agrarian reforms are distinguished: reformist and radical. Both types are analysed by drawing on the Chilean experience. The aims and the implementation of each type of agrarian reform are presented before proceeding to their assessment. The contradictions which emerge between the economic, social and political consequences of the two types of agrarian reform are highlighted. Finally the analysis of the peasants' estates seizures in the Melipilla region during the Allende government shows the high degree of organization and class consciousness achieved by the peasantry, but above all it reveals the limitations and contradictions of the "Chilean toad to Socialism".

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A Complete Demand System of Food in Malaysia.

Tey, Yeong Sheng Shamsudin, Mad Nasir, Zainalabidin et al There has been a notable success in the Malaysian economy, with its countrymen getting wealthier and food consumption undergoing transitional changes. This study intends to analyze the complete demand system of food in Malaysia by using the Household Expenditure Survey 2004/2005 via the Linear Approximate Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) model. As expected, the estimated own-price elasticities for all foods follow the law of demand. The empirical results show that the demand for all foods in response to the income is relatively positive, with expenditure elasticities of meat (1.110), fruits (1.341), vegetables (1.341), sugar and beverage (1.039) and other foods (1.115) being elastic. This study shows that the Malaysian food consumption pattern is not only moving towards higher value food products (especially meats) but also functional foods (fruits and vegetables) as the per capita income of Malaysians increases.

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Development of Malaysia's Agricultural Sector: Agriculture as an Engine of Growth?

It is clear from the above that there are well founded reasons for Malaysia’s (re)emphasis on agriculture. The medium-term course charted in the 9MP holds great promise. Within this development, there is also a continuing interplay between agri-food supply chain management (SCM) and the rise of supermarkets. Whether countries benefit or lose from these developments depends on the net benefits to consumers and producers arising from better prices, time costs, and food safety as well as access to markets, employment generated, skills and wage effects in the whole agri-food supply chain. Hence, it is critical to understand the dynamics of the interplay of key factors and to take a holistic perspective. Consequently, closer monitoring, more empirical study, and more rigorous policy analysis is vital. 

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